What are the Differences Between Flutter and React Native?

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Nowadays, we are in the 2020s, the importance of mobile application development is extremely high. Android and IOS operating systems; When it comes to mobile applications, they are the first platforms that come to mind. In addition, Flutter technology, which was announced by Google in 2017 and whose use is increasing day by day, stands out.

What is Flutter?

Flutter; It was announced by Google in May 2017. In addition to being free and open source, it is a mobile UI framework that can be used to develop mobile, web and desktop applications. Flutter; It has some advantages because it is cross-platform. It makes it possible to develop both IOS and Android based mobile applications.

Futter; consists of two main parts. software development kit known as SDK; It enables faster and easier development of mobile applications. The code you wrote in the SDK while you were developing a mobile application; It makes it possible to use it for both IOS and Android platform. Framework, on the other hand, offers a large number of UI components used in software development. These components include buttons and text inputs. In addition, it makes it possible to customize such components according to the project.

Flutter can be preferred for software development. However, at this time, the programming language called Dart should be used. Dart language created by Google in October 2011; It is constantly improving itself in the process until today. The biggest competitor of Flutter technology is React Native technology developed by Facebook. It should be noted that both have their own advantages and disadvantages.

What is React Native?

React Native; ,It is known as a framework whose foundations were laid with the hackathon organized by Facebook in the summer of 2013. After this date, prototypes and versions were unearthed by a special team for two years. In this way, the first versions of React Native were developed. The first announcements regarding this framework were made in January 2015. Again in March 2015, React Native was released on GitHub at the F8 event.

React Native; It is an open source mobile application platform just like Flutter that uses JavaScript. Thanks to this platform, it is possible to develop applications for both IOS and Android.

What Are the Advantages of Flutter?

Flutter; Used by brands like Alibaba Group, Google Ads, Groupon, Emaar, Ebay. Besides, Flutter advantages are as follows;

  • First of all, it offers fast and dynamic software development. In addition, the code changes can be seen on the application as soon as possible. In this way, application development processes are carried out as soon as possible.
  • It is easier to develop Flutter app compared to others. Promises a single platform for developing Android, IOS and Web applications; It is among the advantages of Flutter.
  • Flutter app is easier to test. Costs will be halved due to simultaneous testing for both IOS and Android platform.
  • Since it offers the opportunity to develop software on only one platform, it makes its difference by providing the opportunity to build much faster.

What Are the Disadvantages of Flutter?

Of course, Flutter has many advantages as well as many disadvantages. Flutter disadvantages;

  • Although it is possible to use multiple libraries, the same features are not offered for every library.
  • It remains weak in providing support to software developers during the software development process.
  • It is a platform that works under Google. At this point, its existence is put at risk without Google.
  • Flutter Applications; In terms of size, it takes up much more space on smartphones.

What are the React Native Advantages?

React Native; It is used by world famous companies such as Facebook, Instagram, Walmart and Bloomberg. React Native advantages are as follows;

  • Quick update is available.
  • It has the advantage that the application created for two different platforms is developed in a single development environment.
  • Unlike Flutter, it has JavaScript support.
  • Flutter; While it belongs to 2017, it belongs to 2013. Therefore, it is a more established platform.
  • Its serious advantages are that it contains fewer tests and is easy to learn.

What are Disadvantages of the React Native?

React Native also has several disadvantages compared to Flutter and other cross platform languages. To summarize briefly, React Native disadvantages;

  • There is no one hundred percent dominance in performance and hardware. It is because it is not completely native.
  • Only essential components are available. It contains fewer components compared to Flutter.
  • It has a more precise user interface.

In conclusion, we must say that both are similar in terms of GitHub popularity. In other words, both are successful. It is not possible to say that one is better than the other. Familiarity with languages and discovering applications that you can take as an example will guide you in this regard.

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